The population data from the 2010 United States Census is being rolled out in May, and nationwide the population of Native Americans/Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians has experienced significant percentage growth since 2000. The number of Americans identifying themselves as exclusively Native American or Alaska Native increased 18.4% in the past ten years, and the number identifying themselves as exclusively Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander increased 35.4%.
The Census reports the total population of the US as just under 309 million. Native Americans/Alaska Natives comprise 0.9% of the total, or roughly 2.78 million people. Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders comprise 0.2% of the population, or roughly 618,000 people.
Charts and detailed data from the 2010 Census can be accessed HERE.