A controversial wind farm project to be located off Cape Cod, Massachusetts has been stalled after local Tribes convinced the National Park Service to declare Nantucket Sound eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. The Mashpee Wampanoag and the Aquinnah Wampanoag applied for the listing last fall, stating that the 130 proposed wind turbines would interfere with their spiritual ritual of greeting the sunrise which requires unobstructed views across the sound, and disturb ancestral burial grounds. The project has been in development since 2001 and is supported by state authorities.
The decision by the National Park Service does not terminate the project, but it requires more negotiations and potential changes to the project and/or its location. Interior Secretary Ken Salazar set a deadline of March 1, 2010 for the Tribes and the project’s developer, Energy Management Inc., to reach a compromise. Cedric Cromwell, chairman of the Mashpee Wampanoag tribe, said the decision confirmed “what the Wampanoag people have known for thousands of years: that Nantucket Sound has significant archaeological, historic and cultural values and is sacred to our people.”
Nantucket Sound, which encompasses more than 500 square miles, is by far the largest body of water ever found eligible for listing on the national historic register. “The decision is without precedent in terms of implicating many square miles of what is, legally speaking, the high seas,” said Ian A. Bowles, the Massachusetts Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs.
In seeking the historical designation, the Wampanoag tribes — whose name translates to “people of the first light” — said their view to the east across Nantucket Sound was integral to their identity and cultural traditions. “Here is where we still arrive to greet the new day, watch for celestial observations in the night sky and follow the migration of the sun and stars in change with the season,” wrote Bettina Washington, historic preservation officer for the Aquinnah Wampanoag, in a letter to federal officials. The Tribes also argued that the wind turbines, which would be 440 feet tall, could destroy long-submerged tribal artifacts from thousands of years ago, when the sound was dry land. Such artifacts could “yield further confirmation of our cultural histories,” according to Ms. Washington.